NOAA Office of Satellite and Product Operations

SPECIAL MESSAGE:

This NOAA site will no longer provide GOES-East imagery. For access to high resolution GOES-East imagery from GOES-16, please go to the site: https://www.star.nesdis.noaa.gov/GOES/index.php. We apologize for the inconvenience and appreciate your patience.

Agency Assets

EPA   NOAA   NASA   USGS


Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Air Emissions
Product Type:
Aircraft Image

Formats:
JPG, MPG

Availability:
Aurell & Gullett, Env. Sci. Technol. 44(24) 2010
Gullett et al., Marine Poll. Bull. 107, 2016 and 117, 2017
By E-mail
HDDS

Contact:
Brian Gullet (gullet.brian@epa.gov; 919-541-1534)
Overview:
Plume emission sampling via tethered aerostat (balloon) or Unmanned Aerial System (drone). Current system can include aerial visual (GoPro), aerial IR imagery (MicroEpsilon). Historical imagery is surface only: JPG photos, MPG videos.

Strengths:
Capabilities include comprehensive pollutant real time and batch emission sampling, GPS mapping.

Weaknesses:
Tethered aerostat requires considerable maneuvering of ship into plumes. Drone significantly increases maneuverability with some sacrifice of flight duration.
Airborne Spectral Photometric Environmental Collection Technology (ASPECT)
Product Type:
Aircraft Image
Automated
Man-Made

Formats:
Google Earth
ESRI

Availability:
ASPECT ESRI
 user: epaaspect1
 password: data4ASPECT
HDDS

Contact:
Mark Thomas (thomas.markj@epa.gov; 816-718-4271)
John Cardarelli (cardarelli.john@epa.gov; 513-675-4745)
Tim Curry (curry.timothy@epa.gov; 816-718-4281)
Overview:
Infrared Line Scanner; High Speed Infrared Spectrometer
IR and Visible Video & High Resolution Aerial & Oblique Photography (orthorectification)
Geospatial chemical & radiological (gamma and neutron) information Satellite communications

Strengths:
Wheels up within 1 hour
Direct integration to the Incident Command
Automatic processing (products within minutes)
Standoff detection of oil, chemical & rad.

Weaknesses:
Fixed wing aircraft

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Marine Pollution Surveillance Report (MPSR)
Product Type:
Man-Made

Formats:
JPG, SHP, KML

Availability:
NESDIS
ERMA
HDDS

Contact:
Oil Analyst (24x7): (301) 682-1400, oceanmap@noaa.gov
Overview:
Using satellite imagery, experienced oil spill analysts depict the location/extent of oil on the water surface 24x7x365. In some cases, they also differentiate thin from thick oil (two stage classification). Any available satellite image/sensor is used including LANDSAT, ASTER, SENTINEL, FORMOSAT, RADARSAT, MODIS etc.. A wide variety of ancillary data is incorporated and there are remarks indicating level of confidence and reason for that level.

Strengths:
Clearly delineates anomaly with shape file overlay.
Shape file and KML can be used in many decision support systems or to initialize trajectory models

Weaknesses:
Sometimes there are delays in acquiring images so product sometimes issued as much as 12 hours after pass time. During clouds and nighttime, analysts might need to wait many hours for the next SAR pass.
Suomi NPP Visible Infrared Radiometer Suite (VIIRS)
Product Type:
Satellite Image

Formats:
TIFF

Availability:
HDDS

Contact:
Oil Analyst (24x7): (301) 682-1400, oceanmap@noaa.gov
Overview:
Enhanced Multispectral Image (Visible / IR / Day/Night)
Resolution: I-band: 375 m
Polar Orbiting
Swath Width: 3000 km
Lag time: ~3 hours

Strengths:
Nearly Global Coverage Every Day
Fairly low lag time.

Weaknesses:
Low Resolution Oil difficult to discern in absence of sunglint.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS)
Product Type:
Aircraft Image
Man-Made

Formats:
KML
GeoTIFF

Availability:
NASA Disasters Program
AVIRIS Data Portal
HDDS

Contact:
Homepage
Overview:
Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) is an imaging spectrometer that delivers calibrated images of the upwelling spectral radiance in 224 contiguous spectral channels (also called bands) with wavelengths from 400-2500 nanometers (nm). AVIRIS has been flown on four aircraft platforms: NASA’s ER-2 jet, Twin Otter International’s turboprop, Scaled Composites’ Proteus, and NASA’s WB-57.

Strengths:
224 contiguous wavelengths available for spectroscopic analysis

Weaknesses:
Requires airborne platform

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
Landsat 7
Product Type:
Satellite Image

Formats:
GeoTIFF

Availability:
USGS Earth Explorer
USGS GloVis
USGS LandsatLook
HDDS

Contact:
Rynn Lamb (lamb@usgs.gov)
Group Account (eo_liaison@usgs.gov)
Overview:
Multispectral Sensor: ETM+ (includes thermal)
Spectral Range: 8 bands (Vis/NIR/SWIR/TIR)
Resolution: 30m (b1-7); 15m (pan)
Orbit: Near-Polar
Swath Width: 183 km
Repeat cycle: 16 days (8-day offset with L8)
Nearly full global coverage (land surface, day) every 16 days

Strengths:
Free and open data; no use or license restrictions
Rapid availability (within 24 hours; generally < 4 hours after acquisition)
Potential open water/marine tasking (on request)
Potential night (TIR) image tasking (on request)

Weaknesses:
Scan line corrector gaps (SLC-off)
Temporal frequency (16 days)
Water coverage (beyond coastlines) or night coverage may require special tasking (3-5 day lead time recommended)
Landsat 8
Product Type:
Satellite Image

Formats:
GeoTIFF

Availability:
USGS Earth Explorer
USGS GloVis
USGS LandsatLook
HDDS

Contact:
Rynn Lamb (lamb@usgs.gov)
Group Account (eo_liaison@usgs.gov)
Overview:
Multispectral and Thermal Sensors: OLI, TIRS
Spectral Range: 9 bands (Visible, NIR, SWIR), 2 bands (TIR)
Resolution: 30m (most bands); 15m (pan)
Orbit: Near-Polar
Swath Width: 183 km
Repeat cycle: 16 days (8-day offset with L7)
Nearly full global coverage (land surface, day) every 16 days

Strengths:
Free and open data; no use or license restrictions
Rapid availability (within 24 hours; generally < 4 hours after acquisition)
Potential open water/marine tasking (on request)
Potential night (TIR) image tasking (on request)

Weaknesses:
Temporal frequency (16 days)
Water coverage (beyond coastlines) or night coverage may require special tasking (3-5 day lead time recommended)
Sentinel-2
Product Type:
Satellite Image

Formats:
GeoTIFF

Availability:
USGS Earth Explorer
USGS GloVis
USGS Sentinel2Look
HDDS

Contact:
Rynn Lamb (lamb@usgs.gov)
Group Account (eo_liaison@usgs.gov)
Overview:
One Multispectral Sensor: MSI
Spectral Bands: 13 (Visible, NIR, SWIR)
Designed to be highly comparable with Landsat
Resolution: 10m (4 bands); 20m (6b); 60m (3b)
Orbit: Polar Sun-synchronous
Swath Width: 290 km (delivered in 100x100 km tiles)
Repeat cycle: 10 days (2A & 2B = 5 days)
Acquired via USGS collaboration with European Space Agency (ESA)
Includes all global data acquisitions from ESA’s Sentinel-2A/2B, distributed via USGS systems
Processing Level: L1C TOA Reflectance (processed by ESA)

Strengths:
Free, public, and open data
No license or data use restrictions
Rapid USGS data availability (<24 hours after ESA data availability; generally < 1-2 hours after ESA availability)

Weaknesses:
Land science mission focus
No direct tasking capability through USGS
Occasional data latency (ESA distribution system dependencies)
Resourcesat-2
Product Type:
Satellite Image

Formats:
GeoTIFF

Availability:
USGS Earth Explorer
USGS GloVis
HDDS

Contact:
Rynn Lamb (lamb@usgs.gov)
Group Account (eo_liaison@usgs.gov)
Overview:
Two Multispectral Image Sensors: AWiFS, LISS-3
Spectral Bands: 4 (G,R, NIR, SWIR)
Resolution: 56m (AWiFS); 24m (LISS-3)
Orbit: Polar Sun-synchronous
Swath Width: 740 km (AWiFS); 140 km (LISS-3)
Repeat cycle: 5 days (AWiFS); 24 days (LISS-3)
Acquired via USGS collaboration with Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
Includes all US data acquisitions from ISRO’s Resourcesat-2, distributed via USGS systems
Processing Level: L1G or L1T (where feasible)

Strengths:
Free, public, and open data
No data use or license restrictions
Rapid data availability on weekdays (generally within 24 hours after data acquisition)

Weaknesses:
Land-based mission focus
No direct tasking capability through USGS
Possible latency of weekend/holiday data collections (M-F processing ony)


Satellites

Sensor Satellites Bands - Resolution Ownership Comments
MODIS (Moderate Imaging Spectroradiometer) Terra and Aqua Mutli-spectral(36 Bands)
250,500,750m & 1km
NASA - -
TerraSAR-X TerraSAR-X Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery(SAR) X-band
Spotlight - 1m, Stripmap - 3m, ScanSAR - 18m
© Infoterra
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt
Polarization: HH,VV,HV,VH
RADARSAT 2 - - RS1&2:SAR, C-Band
Fine-8m, Standard/Wide-30m, ScanSAR Narrow-50, ScanSAR Wide-100m
Canadian Space Agency/Agence spatiala canadienne(2013) © MacDonald, Dettwiler, and Associates LTD Polarization:
RS1:HH
RS2:HH,VV,HV,VH
COSMO-SkyMed 1, 2 and 3 - - SAR (X-Band)
Spotlight - 1m, Stripmap(Highimage)-3m, Stripmap(Pingpong)-5m, ScanSAR Wide-30m, ScanSAR Huge-100m
Italian Space Agency(ASI), distributed by e-GEOS Polarization: HH,VV,HV,VH
SPOT 4 and 5 - - Multi-spectral(4 band) SPOT-4:20m, SPOT-5:10m SPOT Image & French Government Space Agency (CNES) - -
Aster - - Multi-spectral 15m NASA/JPL & JAXA - -
LANDSAT - - Mulit-spectral(7 band) 15m USGS - -
VIIRS - - - - - - - -
Worldview - - Mulit-spectral(8 band) 1.8m(WV2) DigitalGlobe, Inc - -
Quickbird - - Multi-spectral(4 band) 2.4m DigitalGlobe, Inc - -
IKONOS - - Multi-spectral(4 band) 3.2m DigitalGlobe, Inc - -
GeoEye - - Multi-spectral(4 band) 1.65m DigitalGlobe, Inc - -
RapidEye - - - - - - - -
Formosat-2 - - Multi-spectral(4 band) 8m Taiwan's National Space Organization - -

 

Aircraft

Sensor Platform Region(Bands) / Resolution(m) / Range(nm) Ownership Comments
AVIRIS Twin Otter, ER-2 UV-NIR(224) / 4.4-20 / 380-2500 NASA/JPL Airborne Visual Infrared Imaging Sectrometer
HyMap Multiple UV-NIR(128) / 3-10 / 450-2480 HyVista Corp. HYperspectral Mapping
SEBASS Twin Otter MIR, TIR(128) / 2-7 / 2500-5200 & 7500-13,500 The Aerospace Corp. Spatially Enhanced Broadband Array Spectrograph
ASPECT(Multi-spectral) Aero Commander 680(twin engine) MIR, TIR(16) / 1.1 / 3410-5330 & 8730-11,360 EPA Airborne Spectra Photometric Environmental Collection Technology
ASPECT(FTIR) Aero Commander 680(twin engine) TIR(2048) / 9 / 1266- EPA Airborne Spectra Photometric Environmental Collection Technology
UAVSAR Gulfstream 3 L-Band / 0.6-1.7 / 1.2175-1.2975GHz NASA/JPL Unihabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar
HSRL B200 or Learjet Vis, NIR(2) / - / 532, 1064 NASA/Langley High Spectral Resolution Lidar
CHARTS Twin Engine Vis, NIR(2) / 2-5 / 532, 1064 US Army Corps of Engineers / JALBTCX Compact Hydrographic Airborne Rapid Total Survey, Optech Inc.
CASI-1500 Twin Engine Vis, NIR(36) / .25 - 10 / 375-1050 US Army Corps of Engineers / JALBTCX Compact Airborne Spectrographic Imager, ITRES