NOAA Office of Satellite and Product Operations

Fire and Smoke Products

    Operational Products
Automated Biomass Burning Algorithm (ABBA) Product developed by the biomass burning monitoring team at CIMSS using the GOES Imager to detect and monitor fires (wildfires, prescribed burns and agricultural burns) throughout the Western Hemisphere.

Automated Biomass Burning Algorithm (ABBA) - from CIMSS
More Information

Sample ABBA Image


GOES Resolution: 4 Km Frequency: 30 Minutes
Fire Id, Mapping and Monitoring Algorithm (FIMMA) The FIMMA is an automated algorithm to detect fires from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data from NOAA polar-orbiting satellites. The FIMMA product was developed by CIRA by modifying an algorithm developed at the University of Maryland. The current version uses geo-corrected High Resolution Picture Transmission (HRPT) AVHRR data over the US (including Alaska and Hawaii).

Product Link

Sample FIMMA Image


POES Resolution: 1 Km Frequency: Orbital
Fire Product Archive Archive of Fire Products for up to 90 days. Availbility is divided into "Current Day", "Last 2 Days", "Last 7 Days" and "Longer Term Archive" time periods. Products include ABBA-GOES, FIMMA-AVHRR and MODIS in both graphic and text format, plus HMS data in graphic, text, GIS and KML formats.

Archive Link

Image of MODIS Fires for day 093 of 2012


GOES and POES Resolution: Varies Frequency: Archive
GOES Aerosol Smoke Products (GASP) Product provides aerosol optical depth (AOD) using GOES visible channel imagery and utilizes a cloud screening algorithm. A look-up table is used to estimate the AOD using the difference in reflectance between current cloud free pixels and those of a 28 day clear sky composite image. Over the GASP-East domain, the automated smoke detection and tracking algorithm (ASDTA) uses a source apportionment technique to derive AOD associated with fires.

Product Links:
GASP-East AOD and ASDTA Smoke-East AOD
GASP-West AOD and ASDTA Smoke-West AOD

Sample GASP Image


GOES Resolution: 4 Km Frequency: 30 Minutes
GOES Biomass Burning Emissions Product (GBBEP) The GOES-E/W Biomass Burning Emission Product (GBBEP) algorithm calculates emissions (PM2.5, CO, CH4, CO2, TNMHC, NH3, N2O, NOX, and SO2) released from biomass burning fire detections and uses the GOES WF_ABBA (Wildfire Automated Biomass Burning Algorithm) fire product as input. The WF_ABBA detects instantaneous fires in sub-pixels using 3.9 µm and 10.7 µm infrared bands by assuming that the thermal radiance in a 4 km pixel is a linear mixture of radiance from a fire target and background. The GBBEP uses GOES-11/12 WF_ABBA sub-pixel fire sizes to generate diurnal patterns taken as the proxy of burned areas for every hour of the previous day.

Product Links:
GBBEP-East and GBBEP-West

Sample GBBEP Image

 

GOES Resolution: point data in ASCII format Frequency: Daily Analysis
Hazard Mapping System (HMS) Fire and Smoke Analysis Product shows the detected hot spots and smoke plumes indicating possible fire locations. This is a blended product using algorithms for the GOES Imager, the POES AVHRR and MODIS. A quality control procedure is performed by an analyst on the automated fire detections. Significant smoke plumes that are detected by the satellites are outlined by the analyst as well with an estimate of the smoke concentration provided. This product is created and updated as needed between 1 PM and 11 PM Eastern time. After 11 PM the analysis is fine-tuned as time permits. The graphical HMS product is finalized once daily.

Product Link

Sample HMS Image


GOES and POES Resolution: 4 Km Frequency: Daily
    Developmental Products
Fire Risk Product shows the area, intensity, and duration of vegetation stress using AVHRR data. Fire potential and danger can be estimated from color coded maps. Fire potential is based on intensity and duration of moisture and thermal stress. If severe stress (index less than 15) continues for one week fire potential is minimal, while it reaches maximum if this condition continues for five weeks and longer. Fire potential is higher for severe and longer stress. A high level of fire potential (red) due to both moisture and temperature conditions can be used as a fire danger warning.

Product Link

Sample Fire Risk Image


POES Resolution: 4 Km Frequency: Weekly
Smoke Text Product This text product is an analysis of the visible smoke plumes over North America and primarily covers those affecting the U.S. If a source of the plume is known, that information may also be included.

Product Link

Text: This is a Text Product


GOES and POES Resolution: N/A Frequency: Twice Daily
Web Based GIS Fire Analysis This product shows the detected hot spots and smoke plumes indicating possible fire locations and allows users to zoom into areas of interest using GIS technology.

Product Link

Sample GIS Fire Analysis Image


GOES and POES Resolution: 4 Km Frequency: Daily
    Satellite Imagery
Fire/Smoke/Hot Spot Imagery Satellite Imagery showing Hot Spots indicating the presence of fire, and visible imagery depicting smoke. Various enhancements are used on both GOES and POES Satellite Imagery to increase visibility. Extreme historical cases (after August 1, 2010) may be showcased by the NOAA Environmental Visualization Laboratory (EVL).

Three GOES sectors have been established to provide real time imagery and a page of up to eight floaters has recently been added (Four GOES-East and Four Goes-West).

Fire/Hot Spot:  Floaters
Fire/Hot Spot Sectors:  Florida  |  Northern California  |  Southern California
GOES-East Sectors:  Regional  |  WFO Sectors
GOES-West Sectors:  Regional  |  WFO Sectors

OSEI Fire/Smoke Image


GOES and POES Resolution: Varies Frequency: Varies