NOAA Office of Satellite and Product Operations

Fire and Smoke Products

    Operational Products
Biomass Burning Emissions Product (BBEP) GBBEP operationally produces daily biomass burning emissions for Black Carbon (BC), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Organic Carbon (OC), Particulate Matter with a diameter less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5), Sulfur Dioxide (SO2), Ammonia (NH3) and Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) by using fire detections from VIIRS M-band (750m) on SNPP (Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership) and JPSS-1/2 (Joint Polar Satellite System, also named as NOAA- 20/21).


Sample GBBEP Image


GOES and POES Resolution: 4km Frequency: 6 hours and daily
The Enterprise Active Fire System (EFIRE) The Enterprise Active Fire system (EFIRE) is an integrated system to detect active fires/hot spots by using multiple satellite sensors. It adopts the fire detection algorithms currently used in NOAA operational active fire detection systems, checks for known persistent anomalies such as oil/gas, volcanoes and solar farms and generates fire products in a common format. The output includes fire pixel locations, fire characteristics, and other metadata fields. The EFIRE system performs fire detection by using data from sensors below:


Sample viirs Image

Suomi NPP and NOAA-20 Resolution: 0.35km Frequency: Granule
Aerosol JPSS - Risk Reduction (RR) Aerosol Product provides Aerosol Detection, Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD), and Aerosol Particle Size for SNPP VIIRS data.

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Hazard Mapping System (HMS) Fire and Smoke Analysis Product shows the detected hot spots and smoke plumes indicating possible fire locations. This is a blended product using algorithms for the GOES Imager, the POES AVHRR and MODIS. A quality control procedure is performed by an analyst on the automated fire detections. Significant smoke plumes that are detected by the satellites are outlined by the analyst as well with an estimate of the smoke concentration provided. This product is created and updated as needed between 1 PM and 11 PM Eastern time. After 11 PM the analysis is fine-tuned as time permits. The graphical HMS product is finalized once daily.

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Sample HMS Image

GOES and POES Resolution: 4 Km Frequency: Daily
    Developmental Products
Fire Risk Product shows the area, intensity, and duration of vegetation stress using AVHRR data. Fire potential and danger can be estimated from color coded maps. Fire potential is based on intensity and duration of moisture and thermal stress. If severe stress (index less than 15) continues for one week fire potential is minimal, while it reaches maximum if this condition continues for five weeks and longer. Fire potential is higher for severe and longer stress. A high level of fire potential (red) due to both moisture and temperature conditions can be used as a fire danger warning.

More Information

Sample Fire Risk Image

POES Resolution: 4 Km Frequency: Weekly
Smoke Text Product This text product is an analysis of the visible smoke plumes over North America and primarily covers those affecting the U.S. If a source of the plume is known, that information may also be included.

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GOES and POES Resolution: N/A Frequency: Twice Daily